November 12 is the D World ed Obesity , an epidemic that has become the talk of nutritional surveys and health in general. Therefore it is convenient and necessary that we dedicate some lines to talk about it. What are we thinking about? What are we doing with our body? Obesity is today a global pandemic with significant implications in public health, such that it has been cataloged by experts as “ the epidemic of the 21st century”, Since its prevalence has increased alarmingly in recent years (currently exceeding the figures of 39% of the population with excess weight). In fact, according to WHO, future projections do not suggest anything favorable, but quite the opposite: If this current trend continues, by 2030, 100% of the adult American population will have a BMI> 27 cm2 and, in the year 2040 the entire European population will be overweight .
Why do we “feed” obesity?
Why are we in this situation? It seems that because we like it: we like the good life, we like that of eating appetizing, tasty foods that melt in our mouths, we like that of pecking “a little thing from here” and “another little thing from there”, we I like that of being in a house watching our favorite series and not even moving to take control, we like to go everywhere by car because it is much more like walking a few minutes, we like fast food rather than having to eat. In short, it seems that we like to be overweight.
In fact, results of studies nationwide reveal this truth, and is that more than 50% of the working population in our country is overweight or obese. Equally alarming is the fact that this remarkable prevalence of overweight and obesity is also occurring in the child-youth populationat the same level as in the adult population. In fact, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) already warned in 2013 that the increase in childhood obesity could lead to the fact that, in the next generations, for the first time in history, children could live less years That your parents. The smallest of the house have as a model to follow their parents and tend to imitate their behaviors and apply the education they are given at home and at school. On the one hand, at home the parents themselves already have bad eating habits and, on the other hand, from the educational system they also do not try to instill the values of the utmost importance of good weight control and a balanced diet. So, Do we miss these results so much? So rare and incredible does it seem that every time the child population has higher obesity figures and, associated with it,Type 1 diabetes , hypercholesterolemia , non-alcoholic fatty liver, etc., and so on and so on?
Obesity is not reduced to an aesthetic problem
This terrifying pandemic grows at the rate of fireand the bad thing is that it is so new that we do not know or, rather, we do not understand how to behave before it. On the one hand, the population is persuaded with an aesthetic model of extreme thinness by throwing thousands of people in the arms of anorexia, bulimia or binge eating and, in fact, this stereotype tends to be given prestige, despising “the fat. ” On the other hand, from the food industry we are increasingly encouraged to acquire their new pre-cooked and substitute products, so rich and so comfortable to prepare, and so full of saturated fats and “crap”, moving away more and more from a balanced diet, Mediterranean, with fresh and “virgin” products, as natural as possible. And in addition, there is also the scarce notion of health in the population. In the past, a lot of recourse was made to the fact that excess weight was a symbol of health,ERROR . Every time I hear more about “I don’t care if I am overweight” or “I am that way I am comfortable with myself.” These statements lead me to wonder, are we really not yet aware of the multitude of problems caused by excess weight and, mainly, when it is derived from poor diet? It seems that it is a lie that, today, with how immersed society is in the age of the Internet and how easy it is to access information, we continue to think that the worst of obesity is aesthetics and that, if we are Taste with our appearance like that, everything is fine.
Main consequences of obesity
For all this, I would like to expose some of the many consequences that obesity and / or excess weight brings:
- It carries greater insulin resistance, being an obese person more likely to develop type 2 diabetes.
- The joints of the lower limbs suffer from the excess weight they have to support, as does the spine, which leads to a greater chance of developing osteoarthritis.
- The respiratory capacity decreases and begins to appear more frequently fatigue.
- Recent studies show, as stated in the article “ Can obesity cause neuronal damage? ”, Which leads to greater neuronal deterioration .
- It carries a higher rate of cardiovascular problems such as hypertension, a greater likelihood of varicose veins, hypercholesterolemia, etc.
- Problems at the psychological level (lack of self-esteem, depression , etc.)